The United States is not the only international leader in the fight against transnational human trafficking. The International Criminal Court (ICC) and a number of other groups are also actively pursuing the problem.
A global issue
Trafficking in persons or exploitation of third parties has long attracted some of the most pressing attention on the international stage, in part because so few countries have committed to the UN’s definition of human trafficking and in part because of its prevalence.
According to the UN Office on Drugs and Crime, an estimated 4.4 million people are victims of gender-based violence, while trafficking has been defined as “the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring, transfer, harbouring and receipt of persons for the purpose of involuntary servitude or other forced and compulsory labour, including that of women and girls” since its inception in 1994.
While criminalization of some forms of human trafficking has been successful in reducing trafficking, others continue to thrive despite legislation.
“The majority of victims in most cases are from developing countries, but there are many men who have been trafficked to the countries where prostitution is a significant industry,” says Dr. Anne Suter, director of the World Association to Prevent Trafficking in Women International (WAPTIC) in Sweden. “You have people from places like Sudan, Ethiopia, Libya,” she says.
Poverty, ignorance or ignorance of law
The reasons for the continued prevalence of trafficking include poverty, ignorance, poverty, ignorance of the law or of the consequences of actions, and the fact that some people simply do not see their situation as exploitive.
Women trapped in prostitution or forced into sexual servitude are in need of access to critical services. Suter notes that the UN has set forth the principles for supporting trafficking victims by developing strategies that include assistance to women who are suffering as a result of their slavery.
“It’s the same with trafficking,” says Suter. In addition to basic resources, the trafficking survivor also needs a range of skills, such as the use of computers, the use of telecommunications, and the use of protective clothing.
The International Labour Organization has developed the Intercountry Project for Victim and Witness Support (IPVS) to provide support and assistance to trafficking survivors. In addition to financial support to victims’ needs, the group also offers help to their community to help reduce the vulnerability of trafficking victims and improve their living conditions.
Suter notes that many people who are vulnerable are reluctant to report
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