They are: (1) Paintings of nature from an anthropological perspective, (2) Painting images of nature using modern techniques or techniques from an art school’s perspective, and (3) Painting pictures that are of a different type of nature than the picture in the foreground: nature in the foreground becomes a separate painting from the subject.
One of the principles of art in anthropology is to consider the relationship between the different types of nature and the subject — to treat it not just as a thing that we are interested in taking action around but, rather, to work toward a better understanding of the whole thing. This is not something new for art in anthropology. You get it, just, in the history of art: the artist tries to understand everything in its context.
Today, the field of anthropology is undergoing a paradigm shift. The emphasis of studies of the natural world has moved from that of anthropology as a research discipline at the point of view of particular anthropologists over to that of comparative art, specifically, those studies involving an interdisciplinary approach of how things come together in natural and cultural contexts. This is particularly the case because the field of anthropology, in all its variety, is the only field with the focus on human agency and its role in natural history.
How do humans interact with the natural world? How do we manage the environment and its resources? What do we know about the natural world that is relevant and what we know that is not relevant? What is the value of science? What are the strengths of both?
One of the most significant aspects of human interaction with the world is that human activity, as with many other things in the world, is not an isolated event. We are interacting with natural environments all the time: when we build houses and roads, when we eat and sleep, when we go outside the house. If there is no way to get to a certain place in time and space, human interactions will require some kind of planning and coordination. This is not a matter of random chance, but rather is rooted in people’s cultural and political culture, in our social norms and economic arrangements.
This is not new in history. What is new is that we are also interacting with the natural world in a way that has profound political implications. In this regard, we have seen that the natural world also affects human political and economic interests and values by creating uncertainty and conflict and making possible the emergence of new forms of social life. The natural world also involves an enormous social impact because it provides